Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest cancers in the world.
The most common type is pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, or PDA.
About 230,000 PDA cases are diagnosed worldwide each year. PDA has the lowest five-year survival rate as compared to other cancers.
Previous research has found that several factors can increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.
These factors include obesity, type 2 diabetes, unhealthy diet, smoking, alcohol drinking, exposure to toxic chemicals, aging, and ethnicity.
Pancreatic cancer is hard to detect and diagnosis, and its five-year survival rate is only about 5 percent. If untreated, patients can die very quickly.
The most frequent symptoms of pancreatic cancer are jaundice, back pain, and unexplained weight loss.
Sometimes, patients may have new diabetes or worsening diabetes, nausea, vomiting, bowel changes, tiredness, weakness and changes in appetite.
Because pancreatic cancer is very deadly and aggressive, reducing your risk of cancer in daily life is quite important. Here are some tips to prevent pancreatic cancer:
Eating a healthy diet. Eating plenty of healthy grains, vegetables, and fish, as well as limiting red meat and sweets, has been shown to lower the risk of pancreatic cancer.
Tomatoes, broccoli, spinach, and blueberries are considered to have a preventive effect on cancers.
A growing body of research suggests that people who eat more protein from animal sources have four times increased the risk of dying from cancer, as compared to people who get proteins from fish, fowl, and plant sources like whole grains or nuts.
In addition, people can focus on monounsaturated fats, because they can control insulin level and blood glucose, which is good to manage type 2 diabetes.
Deep ocean fish, including salmon, mackerel, sardine, and tuna are major sources of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, which help to maintain anti-inflammatory processes and have some anticancer effects.
Keeping regular physical activity. Regular physical activity, such as aerobic activity and strength training, can help to avoid type 2 diabetes and obesity and can slow aging processes and increase longevity.
Type 2 diabetes and obesity are two main risk factors for pancreatic cancer. If you have a healthy weight, try to maintain it. If you are overweight or obese, try to lose weight slowly but steadily – 1 to 2 pounds per week.
Don’t smoke. Researchers suggest that smoking is the most important avoidable risk factor for pancreatic cancer. Quitting smoking can help lower the risk of many chronic diseases and increase the quality of life.
Limiting alcohol drinking. Heavy alcohol use can lead to conditions such as chronic pancreatitis and cirrhosis, which are known to increase pancreatic cancer risk.
Source: Contemp Oncol (Pozn).