The foods we eat play a significant role in our health.
In recent studies, scientists are discovering how eggs, nuts, dairy products, vegetables and even coffee can help protect against health problems.
Daily pecans may lower cardiometabolic risk
In a recent study, researchers found that after four weeks of eating a small handful (about 1.5 ounces) of whole pecans daily, overweight people age 45 or older showed improvements in cardiometabolic risk factors.
The factors include blood sugar levels, insulin resistance and insulin-producing cell function.
Eggs may reduce diabetes risk
Findings from a 12-week randomized study of overweight or obese individuals with pre- or type 2 diabetes suggests that eggs may help reduce risk factors associated with diabetes.
Participants who ate an egg each day showed greater improvements in fasting blood sugar levels and insulin resistance than those who ate an egg substitute.
Furthermore, eating eggs did not significantly change cholesterol levels.
Dairy products may help lower colorectal cancer risk
Researchers studying 101,677 people, ages 54 to 83 years, found that not all dairy products are equal when it comes to reducing colorectal cancer risk.
Study participants who consumed low-fat or fermented dairy products such as yogurt showed the lowest risk for developing colorectal cancer.
Vegetables and berries help reduce Parkinson’s disease risk
A follow-up to a study linked a healthy diet with a reduced risk of Parkinsonism (a group of neurological disorders that cause movement problems similar to those seen in Parkinson’s disease).
In the study, researchers followed 706 people for an average of 4.6 years to find out if consuming fruits and vegetables may be specifically associated with lowered risk.
Their analysis revealed that eating more vegetables (especially green leafy vegetables) and berries, but not other fruits, may reduce the risk of Parkinsonism and slow its progression in older adults.
Mushrooms may help fight inflammation
An analysis of PPEP-1 and PPEP-2 polysaccharides from the edible mushroom Pleurotus eryngii shows that these complex carbs can inhibit induced inflammatory responses.
The new results are the first to demonstrate these anti-inflammatory properties and highlight the potential of PPEP-1 and PPEP-2 as dietary supplements to reduce inflammatory responses.
Coffee could be good for the liver
A study of more than 14,000 people, ages 45 to 64, finds that people who drink three or more cups of coffee a day have a lower risk of liver-related hospitalizations than those who never drink coffee.
The new findings provide evidence that coffee drinkers may have a lower risk for liver disease.
Source: American Society for Nutrition (ASN).