Surgical resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy remain the best options for patients with pancreatic cancer to save life.
Because symptoms of pancreatic cancer are hard to detect early, patients who visit family doctors often already in danger.
So, do we have any strategy to protect people against pancreatic cancer? For some experts, primary prevention of the pancreatic cancer is not available.
For others, modifiable risk factors are crucial enough to prevent the deadly cancer.
According to researchers, effective primary prevention of pancreatic cancer should be started with quitting smoking, because cigarette smoking is one of the modifiable risk factors.
Cigarette smoking accounts for 25–29% of pancreatic cancer incidence. Five years after stopping cigarette smoking, the risk for pancreatic cancer is the same as in the general population.
Nicotine can stimulate pancreatic tumor growth, making cancer more metastatic and less responsive to therapy, and reducing the survival rate of cancer patients.
Having a healthy diet is also a very important way to prevent pancreatic cancer. A healthy diet means you need to reduce the following food in daily meals:
Red meat, processed food, saturated fatty acids, high cholesterol food, fructose, heavy alcohol drinking, more than four cups of coffee a day, low-fiber food, salts, smoked meat, and food preservatives as well as additives.
Instead, eating plenty of healthy grains, vegetables, and fish every day. Tomatoes, broccoli, spinach, and blueberries are considered to have a protective effect on cancers.
You should focus on monounsaturated fats which control insulin level and blood glucose and can be helpful to prevent/control type 2 diabetes.
Deep ocean fish, including salmon, mackerel, sardine, and tuna are major sources of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, which help to maintain anti-inflammatory processes and have been shown to have some anticancer effects.
Regular physical activity can maintain healthy body weight and prevent obesity and type 2 diabetes, which will greatly reduce pancreatic health.
Physical activity can also help slow aging processes and thus reduce pancreatic risk.
It is important to know that a healthy diet, when food intake does not exceed 2000 calories daily, and regular physical activity, account for 2/3 of our lifespan.